Electronic Security in a Modern age Essay

Electric Surveillance within a Digital Age

Electronic Surveillance in a Modern age July 1995

OTA-BP-ITC-149 GPO stock #052-003-01418-1

Recommended Citation: U. S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Electronic Surveillance in a Digital Age, OTA-BP-ITC-149 (Washington, POWER: U. S i9000. Government Printing Office, This summer 1995).

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oreword

awlessness and terrorism present new challenges to our society since the 21st Century approaches. Electric surveillance is definitely an invaluable application in Many arsenal to fight criminal offense in this time of high speed, global sales and marketing communications. Digital communications technology has recently outpaced the ability with the law enforcement agencies to put into practice court approved wiretaps very easily and effectively. To address this challenge, the 103d Congress enacted the Communications Assistance intended for Law Enforcement Take action (P. M. 103-414). This Act invokes the assistance of the telecommunications market to provide technical solutions to get accessing phone information and call content intended for law enforcement organizations when legally authorized to accomplish this. The law observance community plus the telecommunications sector are currently functioning collaboratively in solutions to apply the requirement of the Act. In September twenty seven, 1994, Congressman Michael G. Oxley, a member or OTA's Technology Evaluation Board, expected that OTA consider the technical facets of implementing what the law states that will impact the ultimate price to the government, the industry, and the charge payers. This kind of background newspaper reviews the progress from the industry plus the law enforcement firms in applying the Take action since its approval in Oct 1994. OTA extends its thanks to the Bijou for Telecoms Industry Alternatives (ATIS) that sponsors the Electronic Marketing and sales communications Service Providers (ECSP) committee, which can be the community forum for the collaborative work of the market and law enforcement in looking for solutions intended for complying with all the requirements with the Act. With no willful co-operation of the ECSP, OTA is likely to not have been able to effectively compile the information contained in this kind of background daily news. Special acknowledgment is also directed at the law observance community for its assistance that was expanded through the Telecoms Industry Addition Unit (TILU) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

ROGER C. HERDMAN

Overseer

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roject Staff

Philip D. Blair Assistant Movie director, OTA Market, Commerce, and International Protection Division Claire W. Wyckoff Program Overseer Industry, Telecommunications, and Trade Program ADAM W. CURLIN Project Overseer

PUBLISHING PERSONNEL Mary Lou Higgs

Administrator, Publishing Companies

ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL Liz Emanuel

Office Supervisor

Chip Moore Production Publisher Dorinda Edmondson Electronic Posting Specialist Susan Hoffmeyer Web designer

Karry Fornshill Secretary Diane Jackson Administrative Secretary Karolyn St . Accessible PC Specialist

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ontents

1 Summary and Debate 1

Congressional Request and Scope in the Study 6th The Marketing communications Assistance pertaining to Law Enforcement Act (P. M. 103-414) six Principal Features of the Action 8 Law Enforcement's Requirements for Electric Surveillance 12-15 Findings and Observations twenty four

2 Technological Aspects of Electric Surveillance 29

Technologies 33 Switch-Base Alternatives 35 Wi-fi Technologies 41

APPENDICES A Section-by-Section Synopsis of the Marketing and sales communications Assistance intended for Law Enforcement Take action Public Law 103-414 63 Electronic Surveillance Requirements Keyed to L. L. 103-414 67 Related OTA Information for Further Reading 69

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Glossary 71

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Summary and Discussion

this individual law enforcement community considers electric surveillance1 to be an invaluable tool for struggling with crime. Representatives cite various instances in which criminal actions were possibly subverted, or if crimes were perpetrated, those responsible were apprehended as a result of court-approved electronic security by law observance agencies. The use of court-authorized electronic digital surveillance became increasingly...